Bird abundance – mist nets in the Luquillo Forest Dynamics Plot and Nora Devoe Cut Plots in the Luquillos Experimental Forest

Summary Information
Data Package General Information:
Local Identifier: knb-lter-luq.173.702000
Title: Bird abundance – mist nets in the Luquillo Forest Dynamics Plot and Nora Devoe Cut Plots in the Luquillos Experimental Forest
Abstract:

This project seeks to measure long-term trends and variability in bird populations in tabonuco forest at El Verde. Repeated measures of bird populations using mist nets are conducted annually in the Luquillo Forest Dynamics Plot. For each bird caught, I obtain physical measurements (weight, length of wing, length of tail), and estimates of fat, age, and breeding condition. Captured birds are marked to estimate mortality and longevity. Data on canopy openness are also collected annually at each mist net as part of this project.

Publication Date: 2012-02-08
Language: English

Time Period
Begin:
1990-06-04
End:
2005-05-23

People and Organizations
Contact: Information Manager (LTER Network Office) [  email ]
Contact: Waide, Robert  [  email ]
Creator: Waide, Robert 
Associate: Melendez-Colom, Eda 
Associate: Tossas, Adrianne 
Associate: Thompson, Jeff 

Data Entities
Data Table Name:
Bird abundance – mist nets in the LFDP
Description:
Measurements of bird populations using mist nets
Detailed Metadata

Data Entities


Data Table

Data: https://pasta.lternet.edu/package/data/eml/knb-lter-luq/173/702000/d0b10bc3580adece78a0c73927c39a6f
Name: Bird abundance – mist nets in the LFDP
Description: Measurements of bird populations using mist nets
Number of Columns: 22

Time Period
Begin:
1990-06-04
End:
2005-05-23

Table Structure
Object Name: Birdabundancemistnets1990-2005.csv
Size: 179576
Text Format:
Number of Header Lines: 1
Number of Foot Lines: 0
Record Delimiter: \r\n
Orientation: column
Simple Delimited:
Field Delimiter: ,

Table Column Descriptions
  Abbreviated common name of bird Research area or plot Net Number Capture number Serial date Marking type Fish and Wildlife Service band (tag) number Band Color Captivity Status Time of day in decimal value Trammel number (Height) Net mesh Hatching age when capture Sex of bird Weight of bird Eye color of bird Ossification of skull Wing chord length of bird Tail length of bird Molting status of bird Estimated fat level of bird Additional observed characteristics of bird
Column Name: Species  
Research Area  
Net Number  
Capture Number  
Serial Date  
Marking Type  
Raw FWS  
Raw Color  
Status  
decimalTime  
Trammel Number  
Net Mesh  
capturedHatchingAge  
Sex  
Weight  
Eye Color  
Skull  
Wing Chord  
Tail Length  
Molt  
fatLevel  
Notes  
Definition: Abbreviated common names species of captured birds Location where mist nests were placed. The position of the net in a line of 20 nets. When two 6 m nets were used instead of one 12 m net, the two small nets are labeled A and B. A unique identification number assigned to each individual bird captured in any year. The number is of the format yymmdd-xx where year month and day refer to the sampling date and xx refers to the sequence of birds captured. Thus 950526-04 would represent the fourth capture on May 26 1995. Birds recaptured in the same year (REPEATS} are assigned a new number and REPEAT is noted in the Status column. Returns from previous years are also assigned new numbers and RETURN is noted in the Status column. The date of capture given as number of days from January 1, 1900. Date is converted, using MS Excel or Lotus 1-2-3, to sequential number (from 33028 to 38495) by changing format from Date to General. The way in which captured birds were marked. Cell is left blank when datum is missing. A number such as 891-41094 represents a metal tag issued by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. These tags were placed on the right leg of captured birds.A number such as T76098 is also a F&W tag, but reflects the use of hummingbird bands. Color combination of the plastic bands. Color bands or mixtures of color bands and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service bands were used early in the study. The data files describe these marking schemes. Thus, a RED/FW-R, BLUE/YELLOW-L b and color means that this bird had a red plastic band above a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service band on its right leg and a blue band above a yellow band on its left leg. Some of the color bands were two-tone, so the designation R/B, for example, may mean that only one band was used. Whether the bird has been captured previously. Cell is left blank when datum is missing. The decimal number for a particular time as converted in an Excel Spreadsheet. The decimal number is a value ranging from 0 to 0.9999, representing the times from 0:00:00 (12:00:00 A.M.) to 23:59:59 (11:59:59 P.M.). The decimal value in a cell of an Excel spreadsheet is obtained by formatting the cell to "General". Represents which pocket of the four pockets of a mist net where a bird captured, numbered from top (1) to bottom (4). The size of the openings in the mist net. Age at time of capture determined from skull ossification Sex of bird determined from plumage Weight of bird at time of capture measured using Pesola scales Color of the captured bird's iris Whether or not the skull of the captured bird was ossified (Yes or Y OR No or N) Distance from bend of wing to end of longest remige of the captured bird Length of the longest retrix of the captured bird Status of molt observed from inspection of bird Amount of fat estimated from inspection of depression of furculum Description of other observed characteristics of the captured bird
Storage Type: string  
string  
string  
string  
date  
string  
string  
string  
string  
string  
string  
  string  
string  
  string  
string  
    string  
string  
string  
Measurement Type: nominal nominal nominal nominal dateTime nominal nominal nominal nominal nominal nominal ratio nominal nominal ratio nominal nominal ratio ratio nominal nominal nominal
Measurement Values Domain:
Allowed Values and Definitions
Enumerated Domain  
Code Definition
Code AMRED
Definition American Redstart
Source
Code Definition
Code ANMAN
Definition Antillean Mango
Source
Code Definition
Code BFGRQ
Definition Black-faced Grassquit
Source
Code Definition
Code BHEUP
Definition Blue-hooded Euphonia
Source
Code Definition
Code BLAWA
Definition Blackpoll Warbler
Source
Code Definition
Code BQUIT
Definition Bananaquit
Source
Code Definition
Code BTBLW
Definition Black-throated Blue Warbler
Source
Code Definition
Code BTGNW
Definition Black-throated Green Warbler
Source
Code Definition
Code BWINH
Definition Broad-winged Hawk
Source
Code Definition
Code BWVIR
Definition Black-whiskered Vireo
Source
Code Definition
Code BWWAR
Definition Black and white Warbler (also B&WHW)
Source
Code Definition
Code CAREL
Definition Caribbean Elaenia
Source
Code Definition
Code GKNGB
Definition Gray Kingbird
Source
Code Definition
Code GNHER
Definition Green Heron
Source
Code Definition
Code GRMAN
Definition Green Mango
Source
Code Definition
Code KENWA
Definition Kentucky Warbler
Source
Code Definition
Code LAPEW
Definition Lesser Antillean Pewee
Source
Code Definition
Code MAGWA
Definition Magnolia Warbler
Source
Code Definition
Code NOWAT
Definition Northern Waterthrush
Source
Code Definition
Code ORIOL
Definition Black-cowled Oriole
Source
Code Definition
Code OVENB
Definition Ovenbird
Source
Code Definition
Code PARUW
Definition Parula Warbler (also NPARW)
Source
Code Definition
Code PETER
Definition Pearly-eyed Thrasher
Source
Code Definition
Code PLPIG
Definition Plain Pigeon
Source
Code Definition
Code PRAIW
Definition Prairie Warbler
Source
Code Definition
Code PRBUL
Definition Puerto Rican Bullfinch
Source
Code Definition
Code PRCUC
Definition Puerto Rico Lizard Cuckoo
Source
Code Definition
Code PRTAN
Definition Puerto Rican Tanager
Source
Code Definition
Code PREME
Definition Puerto Rican Emerald
Source
Code Definition
Code PRFLY
Definition Puerto Rican Flycatcher
Source
Code Definition
Code PRTOD
Definition Puerto Rican Tody
Source
Code Definition
Code PRWPR
Definition Puerto Rican Woodpecker
Source
Code Definition
Code RLTSH
Definition Red-legged Thrush
Source
Code Definition
Code RQDOV
Definition Ruddy Quail-Dove
Source
Code Definition
Code RTHAW
Definition Red-tailed Hawk (also RDTAH)
Source
Code Definition
Code SBANI
Definition Smooth-billed Ani
Source
Code Definition
Code SCOWL
Definition Puerto Rican Screech Owl
Source
Code Definition
Code SHTAN
Definition Stripe-eaded Tanager
Source
Code Definition
Code SNPIG
Definition Scaly-naped Pigeon
Source
Code Definition
Code UNKNO
Definition Unknown bird
Source
Code Definition
Code UNWAR
Definition Unknown warbler (also WABRU)
Source
Code Definition
Code WATTH
Definition Unidentified Waterthrush
Source
Code Definition
Code WEVIR
Definition White-eyed Vireo
Source
Code Definition
Code WEWRB
Definition Worm-eating Warbler
Source
Code Definition
Code WWDOV
Definition White-winged Dove
Source
Code Definition
Code YFGRQ
Definition Yellow-faced Grassquit
Source
Allowed Values and Definitions
Enumerated Domain  
Code Definition
Code BG
Definition Luquillo Forest Dynamics Plot
Source
Code Definition
Code N1
Definition Nora Devoe’s southernmost cut plot
Source
Code Definition
Code N2
Definition Nora Devoe’s northernmost cut plot
Source
Definition The position of the net in a line of 20 nets. When two 6 m nets were used instead of one 12 m net, the two small nets are labeled A and B.
Definition A unique identification number assigned to each individual bird captured in any year. The number is of the format yymmdd-xx where year month and day refer to the sampling date and xx refers to the sequence of birds captured. Thus 950526-04 would represent the fourth capture on May 26 1995. Birds recaptured in the same year (REPEATS} are assigned a new number and REPEAT is noted in the Status column. Returns from previous years are also assigned new numbers and RETURN is noted in the Status column.
Format MM/DD/YYYY
Precision
Allowed Values and Definitions
Enumerated Domain  
Code Definition
Code FWS
Definition Marked with a Fish and Wildlife Service numbered metal band
Source
Code Definition
Code Color
Definition Marked with one or more colored plastic leg bands. Some of these bands were numbered
Source
Code Definition
Code Tail clip
Definition The right outer retrix (tail feather) was clipped to mark the bird. No tag was used on these birds.
Source
Definition A number such as 891-41094 represents a metal tag issued by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. These tags were placed on the right leg of captured birds.A number such as T76098 is also a F&W tag, but reflects the use of hummingbird bands.
Definition Color combination of the plastic bands. Color bands or mixtures of color bands and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service bands were used early in the study. The data files describe these marking schemes. Thus, a RED/FW-R, BLUE/YELLOW-L b and color means that this bird had a red plastic band above a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service band on its right leg and a blue band above a yellow band on its left leg. Some of the color bands were two-tone, so the designation R/B, for example, may mean that only one band was used.
Allowed Values and Definitions
Enumerated Domain  
Code Definition
Code Escaped
Definition bird escaped before it could be completely processed. Escaped birds are counted as new captures unless a mark from a previous capture was observed
Source
Code Definition
Code New
Definition bird not captured previously
Source
Code Definition
Code Repeat
Definition bird captured previously in same year
Source
Code Definition
Code Return
Definition bird captured in previous year
Source
Definition The decimal number for a particular time as converted in an Excel Spreadsheet. The decimal number is a value ranging from 0 to 0.9999, representing the times from 0:00:00 (12:00:00 A.M.) to 23:59:59 (11:59:59 P.M.). The decimal value in a cell of an Excel spreadsheet is obtained by formatting the cell to "General".
Allowed Values and Definitions
Enumerated Domain  
Code Definition
Code 1
Definition Bird captured in the top pocket of a mist net
Source
Code Definition
Code 4
Definition Bird captured in the bottom pocket of a mist net
Source
Unit millimeter
Type real
Allowed Values and Definitions
Enumerated Domain  
Code Definition
Code HY
Definition Hatching year; hatched in same year as capture
Source
Code Definition
Code AHY
Definition After hatching year; hatched in a previous year
Source
Allowed Values and Definitions
Enumerated Domain  
Code Definition
Code M
Definition male
Source
Code Definition
Code F
Definition female
Source
Unit gram
Precision 0.1
Type real
Definition Color of the captured bird's iris
Definition Whether or not the skull of the captured bird was ossified (Yes or Y OR No or N)
Unit millimeter
Precision 1
Type real
Unit millimeter
Precision 1
Type real
Definition Status of molt observed from inspection of bird
Allowed Values and Definitions
Enumerated Domain  
Code Definition
Code 0
Definition no fat
Source
Code Definition
Code 1
Definition fat below level of furculum
Source
Code Definition
Code 2
Definition fat at level of furculum
Source
Code Definition
Code 3
Definition fat bulging beyond level of furculum
Source
Definition Description of other observed characteristics of the captured bird
Missing Value Code:                                            
Accuracy Report:                                            
Accuracy Assessment:                                            
Coverage:                                            
Methods:                                            

Data Package Usage Rights

Data Policies

TER Network Data Access Policy, Data Access Requirements, and General Data Use Agreement approved by the LTER Coordinating Committee April 6, 2005 Long Term Ecological Research Network Data Access Policy The LTER data policy includes three specific sections designed to express shared network policies regarding the release of LTER data products, user registration for accessing data, and the licensing agreements specifying the conditions for data use. LTER Network Data Release Policy Data and information derived from publicly funded research in the U.S. LTER Network, totally or partially from LTER funds from NSF, Institutional Cost-Share, or Partner Agency or Institution where a formal memorandum of understanding with LTER has been established, are made available online with as few restrictions as possible, on a nondiscriminatory basis. LTER Network scientists should make every effort to release data in a timely fashion and with attention to accurate and complete metadata. Data There are two data types: Type I – data are to be released to the general public according to the terms of the general data use agreement (see Section 3 below) within 2 years from collection and no later than the publication of the main findings from the dataset and, Type II - data are to be released to restricted audiences according to terms specified by the owners of the data. Type II data are considered to be exceptional and should be rare in occurrence. The justification for exceptions must be well documented and approved by the lead PI and Site Data Manager. Some examples of Type II data restrictions may include: locations of rare or endangered species, data that are covered under prior licensing or copyright (e.g., SPOT satellite data), or covered by the Human Subjects Act. Researchers that make use of Type II Data may be subject to additional restrictions to protect any applicable commercial or confidentiality interests. While the spirit of this document is to promote maximum availability for ecological data in either Type I or II status, there are criteria by which priority for data release may be determined. Primary observations collected for core research activities directly supported by LTER research must receive the highest priority for data release. Data collected by other sources to which LTER supported research has added value is also a high priority Other types of data including non-LTER data that was acquired for LTER research, student thesis data, schoolyard LTER data, or legacy data that already suffer from inadequate documentation or format obsolescence may be ranked a lower priority by a site with justifications provided in their data management policy. Finally, some data may be determined of lowest priority for archiving on the grounds that they are interim data that led to final products that carry the scientific value. 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Keywords

By Thesaurus:
Core Areas populations
LTER Controlled Vocabulary measurements, population and community properties, community composition, organisms, animals, vertebrates, birds, organizational units, food webs, populations

Methods and Protocols

These methods, instrumentation and/or protocols apply to all data in this dataset:

Protocols and/or Procedures
Description:

Twenty mist nests are placed in a continuous line along the north-south trail running through the LFDP. The net line begins about 30 m north of the Quebrada Toronja and follows the trail until it runs out of the LFDP. Nets are placed continuously (sharing net poles) except where fallen trees interrupt the line. At these points, the line is broken and continued as soon as practical after the fallen tree. Twelve-meter Japanese mist nets are used, alternating 36 and 30 mm mesh nets (10 each). The southernmost net is a 36 mm mesh net, and is labeled Net 1. Nets are run for four consecutive days each year unless rains require a break in the sampling period. Nets are normally left open during short periods of rain, but long, intense rainstorms require nets to be closed. Netting is done in late May or early June each year. Nets are open at dawn and closed at dusk. Nets are checked frequently, and birds are removed to a banding station nearby. Measurements are taken at the station, and the birds are marked using leg bands or tail clipping. Birds are released directly from the banding station. Additional data from two plots studied by Nora Devoe are also included in this data set.

People and Organizations

Creators:
Individual: Robert Waide
Address:
UNM Dept of Biology, MSC03 2020,
Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 US
Phone:
(505) 277-2649 (voice)
Phone:
(505) 277-2541 (facsimile)
Email Address:
rwaide@lternet.edu
Web Address:
http://lno.lternet.edu/staff/rwaide
Contacts:
Position: Information Manager
Organization: LTER Network Office
Address:
UNM Biology Department, MSC03-2020,
1 University of New Mexico,
Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 USA
Phone:
505 277-2535 (voice)
Phone:
505 277-2541 (fax)
Email Address:
tech-support@lternet.edu
Web Address:
http://www.lternet.edu
Individual: Robert Waide
Address:
UNM Dept of Biology, MSC03 2020,
Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 US
Phone:
(505) 277-2649 (voice)
Phone:
(505) 277-2541 (facsimile)
Email Address:
rwaide@lternet.edu
Web Address:
http://lno.lternet.edu/staff/rwaide
Associated Parties:
Individual: Eda Melendez-Colom
Address:
University of Puerto Rico at Rio Piedras, Ponce de Leon Ave.,Anexo Facundo Bueso Office 207,
San Juan, PR 00931 US
Phone:
(787) 764-0000 x4943 (voice)
Phone:
(787) 772-1481 (facsimile)
Email Address:
emelendez@lternet.edu
Role: data manager
Individual: Adrianne Tossas
Address:
US
Email Address:
INACTIVO_agtossas@caribe.net
Role: associated researcher
Individual: Jeff Thompson
Address:
US
Email Address:
perdiz@uga.edu
Role: associated researcher
Metadata Providers:
Individual: Robert Waide
Address:
UNM Dept of Biology, MSC03 2020,
Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 US
Phone:
(505) 277-2649 (voice)
Phone:
(505) 277-2541 (facsimile)
Email Address:
rwaide@lternet.edu
Web Address:
http://lno.lternet.edu/staff/rwaide

Temporal, Geographic and Taxonomic Coverage

Temporal, Geographic and/or Taxonomic information that applies to all data in this dataset:

Time Period
Begin:
1990-06-04
End:
2005-05-23
Sampling Site: 
Description: The Luquillo Forest Dynamics Plot (LFDP), previously known as the Hurricane Recovery Plot (Zimmerman et. al. 1994) and the Luquillo long-term ecological research grid (Soil Survey 1995), is a 16-ha forest plot (SW corner 18° 20' N, 65° 49' W) located near El Verde Field Station. The plot is 500 m N-S and 320 m E-W and is divided into 400 20 x 20 m quadrats, with each quadrat sub divided into 16 5 x 5 m sub-quadrats. The field station and LFDP are in the Luquillo Mountains of northeastern Puerto Rico, approximately 35 km southeast of San Juan.
Site Coordinates:
Longitude (degree):  -65.8167 Latitude (degree):  18.3333
Altitude (meter): 333
Sampling Site: 
Description: Puerto Rico 186 El Yunque National Forest, Rio Grande, Río Grande 00745, Puerto Rico ‎ 847 m NW. Nora's Plots are in the El Verde study area. Plot #1 is next to the Sonadora River, and Plot #2 is next to the Prieta. Upper and lower transects are relative to topography.Note: the coordinates fopr this plot has been approximately located using Google Maps as described by LUQ investigators.
Site Coordinates:
Longitude (degree):  -65.8143 Latitude (degree):  18.3184
Altitude (meter): 494
Sampling Site: 
Description: Puerto Rico 186 El Yunque National Forest, Rio Grande, Río Grande 00745, Puerto Rico ‎ 898 m NWNora's Plots are in the El Verde study area. Plot #1 is next to the Sonadora River, and Plot #2 is next to the Prieta. Upper and lower transects are relative to topography.Note: the coordinates fopr this plot has been approximately located using Google Maps as described by LUQ investigators.
Site Coordinates:
Longitude (degree):  -65.8132 Latitude (degree):  18.3192
Altitude (meter): 487

Temporal, Geographic and/or Taxonomic information that applies to Data Table: Bird abundance – mist nets in the LFDP


Time Period
Begin:
1990-06-04
End:
2005-05-23

Project

Other Metadata

Download as XML (in Ecological Metadata Language)
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