This dataset contains abundance, primary production and respiration of macroalgal and turf assemblages at Naples Reef (Santa Barbara County, CA) during 2006. It includes abundance of macroalgae is in terms of biomass (dry weight), and abundance of animals is in numbers of individuals and biomass (ash-free dry weight). Primary production and respiration of the benthos were measured in situ as changes in oxygen in closed chambers that covered 0.1m2 of the bottom. Species richness data are for macroalgae only. Abundance and diversity were measured for the same plots where oxygen measurements were recorded. These data were presented in: Miller, R.J., D. Reed, and M. Brzezinski. 2009. Community structure and productivity of subtidal turf and foliose algal assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series 388:1-11 doi: 10.3354/meps08131.